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New technique unveils xeno-free, environment friendly tradition system

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New technique unveils xeno-free, environment friendly tradition system

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Non-human primates (NHPs) have a excessive diploma of similarity to people in comparison with different animal fashions. These similarities manifest on the genetic, physiological, socio-behavioral, and central nervous system ranges, making NHPs uniquely appropriate for analysis into stem cell remedy and more and more utilized in preclinical trials to check the security and efficacy of biotechnology therapies. Nonetheless, given the moral points and prices related to this mannequin, it might be extremely advantageous to make use of NHP mobile fashions in scientific research. Nevertheless, growing and sustaining the naïve state of primate pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) stays troublesome as does in vivo detection of PSCs, thus limiting biotechnology software within the cynomolgus monkey.

Just lately, researchers from Niu Yuyu’s group reported a chemically outlined, xeno-free tradition system for culturing and deriving monkey PSCs in vitro. The cells show world gene expression and genome-wide hypomethylation patterns distinct from monkey-primed cells. These xeno-free PSCs might be derived from blastocysts, transformed from established PSC traces, or generated by somatic cell reprogramming. It was proven that expression of signaling pathways parts could enhance the potential for chimera formation. Crucially for biomedical purposes, it was additionally capable of combine bioluminescent reporter genes into monkey PSCs and monitor them in chimeric embryos in vivo and in vitro.

The engineered cells retained embryonic and extra-embryonic developmental potential, able to differentiating into all three germ layers in addition to into reproductive germ-like cells, each in vitro and in vivo. In the meantime, by integrating AkaLuc, a bioengineered luciferase gene, into the genome of monkey stem cells, a chimeric monkey carrying bioluminescent cells, which had been capable of monitor chimeric cells for greater than 2 years in dwelling animals, was efficiently created. Thus, it’s allowed to trace the proliferation and migration of chimeric cells throughout the monkey in vivo.

This consequence lays the inspiration for future analysis on primate organoids and xenotransplantation. On the similar time, the chimerism check won’t solely confirm the pluripotency of stem cells but in addition assist to confirm the feasibility of organ compensation in NHPs sooner or later. The examine might have broad utility in primate stem cell engineering and in using chimeric monkey fashions for scientific research.

Supply:

Journal reference:

Wu, J., et al. (2023). Lengthy-term in vivo chimeric cells monitoring in non-human primate. Protein & Cell. doi.org/10.1093/procel/pwad049.

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