Home Men's Health Handwriting boosts mind connectivity and studying

Handwriting boosts mind connectivity and studying

Handwriting boosts mind connectivity and studying


As digital gadgets progressively exchange pen and paper, taking notes by hand is turning into more and more unusual in faculties and universities. Utilizing a keyboard is beneficial as a result of it is typically quicker than writing by hand. Nonetheless, the latter has been discovered to enhance spelling accuracy and reminiscence recall.

To seek out out if the method of forming letters by hand resulted in higher mind connectivity, researchers in Norway now investigated the underlying neural networks concerned in each modes of writing.

“We present that when writing by hand, mind connectivity patterns are way more elaborate than when typewriting on a keyboard,” mentioned Prof Audrey van der Meer, a mind researcher on the Norwegian College of Science and Expertise and co-author of the examine revealed in Frontiers in Psychology. “Such widespread mind connectivity is understood to be essential for reminiscence formation and for encoding new data and, subsequently, is useful for studying.”

The pen is mightier than the (key)board

The researchers collected EEG knowledge from 36 college college students who have been repeatedly prompted to both write or kind a phrase that appeared on a display. When writing, they used a digital pen to write down in cursive immediately on a touchscreen. When typing they used a single finger to press keys on a keyboard. Excessive-density EEGs, which measure electrical exercise within the mind utilizing 256 small sensors sewn in a web and positioned over the top, have been recorded for 5 seconds for each immediate.

Connectivity of various mind areas elevated when individuals wrote by hand, however not once they typed.

Our findings recommend that visible and motion data obtained via exactly managed hand actions when utilizing a pen contribute extensively to the mind’s connectivity patterns that promote studying.”

Prof Audrey van der Meer, mind researcher on the Norwegian College of Science and Expertise

Motion for reminiscence

Though the individuals used digital pens for handwriting, the researchers mentioned that the outcomes are anticipated to be the identical when utilizing an actual pen on paper. “We have now proven that the variations in mind exercise are associated to the cautious forming of the letters when writing by hand whereas making extra use of the senses,” van der Meer defined. Since it’s the motion of the fingers carried out when forming letters that promotes mind connectivity, writing in print can be anticipated to have comparable advantages for studying as cursive writing.

Quite the opposite, the easy motion of hitting a key with the identical finger repeatedly is much less stimulating for the mind. “This additionally explains why kids who’ve discovered to write down and skim on a pill, can have issue differentiating between letters which might be mirror photos of one another, equivalent to ‘b’ and ‘d’. They actually have not felt with their our bodies what it looks like to supply these letters,” van der Meer mentioned.

A balancing act

Their findings exhibit the necessity to give college students the chance to make use of pens, reasonably than having them kind throughout class, the researchers mentioned. Pointers to make sure that college students obtain at the least a minimal of handwriting instruction could possibly be an sufficient step. For instance, cursive writing coaching has been re-implemented in lots of US states firstly of the yr.

On the similar time, it is usually essential to maintain up with constantly growing technological advances, they cautioned. This contains consciousness of what manner of writing gives extra benefits beneath which circumstances. “There’s some proof that college students be taught extra and bear in mind higher when taking handwritten lecture notes, whereas utilizing a pc with a keyboard could also be extra sensible when writing a protracted textual content or essay,” van der Meer concluded.


Journal reference:

van der Weel, F. R. & van der Meer, A., (2024) Handwriting however not typewriting results in widespread mind connectivity: a high-density EEG examine with implications for the classroom. Frontiers in Psychology. doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1219945.



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